Alexander thus succeeded to the throne and began the inevitable dynastic purging of enemies. On the Persian side were numerous Asiatic nations - Bactrians, Indians, Medians, Sogdians, even Albanians from the Caucasus, the ancestors of the modern Albanians who many centuries later migrated to Europe and are now northern neighbors to the modern Greeks and western neighbors to the modern Macedonians.
Conquering much of Asia and Europe Biography: Getting closer to the Greeks, he reminded them that those were the people the Persians on the other side who provoked war with Greece, Almost the entire Greek force was annihilated.
Cleopatra Eurydice was not the same famous Cleopatra from Egypt. Gordian Knot From Halicanassus, Alexander headed north to Gordium, home of the fabled Gordian knota group of tightly-entwined knots yoked to an ancient wagon. The Macedonians put the city under a siege which lasted two months, after which the scenario of Tyre was repeated.
But their initial victory did not last for long as Antipater returned with a large army, defeated the rebels, and regained Greece. No one is sure what he died from, but many suspect poison. Gordian Knot From Halicanassus, Alexander headed north to Gordium, home of the fabled Gordian knota group of tightly-entwined knots yoked to an ancient wagon.
Alexander then turned northward to central Asia Minor, to the city of Gordium. He hired the great philosopher Aristotle. Proskynesis To gain credibility with the Persians, Alexander took on many Persian customs. The ancient Greek historian Arrian cited the "old racial rivalry between the Greeks and Macedonians" that led to this hatred on both sides.
His speed surprised the Greeks and by the end of the summer BC they had no other choice but to acknowledge his authority. He reigned as king from BC. After Egypt came Babylonia and Persia, including the city of Susa. Even Athens pledged their loyalty to him.
Visit Website Alexander was just 16 when Philip went to battle the Byzantiums and left him in charge of Macedonia. His wife gave birth to his son a few months later.
They wanted to return home to see their wives and children. Alexander the Great and the Macedonian cavalry crossing river Granicus Artwork by Peter Connolly The Macedonians defeated the Persians and put them to flight and although the Greeks held their ground and fiercely fought, the battle ended in Macedonian victory.
He dies less than three months after Hephaestion, at the young age of 32, keeping his promise that he would follow him. Horses, not accustomed to the sight of elephants and unfamiliar with their scent, can panic when they see such huge creatures - and so it was of the Macedonian cavalry and their mounts.
Later that year, he defeated the Persians again at the Battle of Gaugamela. He went further by ridiculing Alexander for claiming to be "son of Ammon" and for denouncing his own father Philip II.
In the army there were 25, Macedonians, 7, Greeks, and 7, Thracians and Illyrians, but the chief officers were all Macedonians, and Macedonians also commanded the foreign troops. Aristotle created a shorter version of the Iliad for Alexander to carry with him during his military campaigns.
Alexander traveled to the desert to consult the oracle of Ammon, a god of supposed good counsel. The Macedonians, who had won so many battles in Europe and set off to invade Asia Legends abound about what transpired at the oracle, but Alexander kept mum about the experience.
As the story goes, Alexander took on the challenge but was unable to unravel the knot by hand. In Asia, the news of the beginning of the Greek rebellion had Alexander so deeply worried, that he immediately sent money to Antipater to counter it.
But his army encountered resistance in the cities of Miletus, Mylasa and Halicarnassus. Alexander Becomes King In B.
The Greek commander Memnon and his men considerably slow down the advance of Alexander and many Macedonians died during the long and difficult sieges of the Greek cities of Halicarnassus, Miletus, Mylasa.Alexander the Great was a king of Macedonia who conquered an empire that stretched from the Balkans to modern-day Pakistan.
Alexander was the son of Philip II and Olympias (one of Philip's seven.
Alexander the Great was born in the Pella region of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia on July 20, B.C., to parents King Philip II of Macedon and Queen Olympia, daughter of King Neoptolemus. Alexander the Great Alexander of Macedon Biography King of Macedonia and Conqueror of the Persian Empire Alexander III the Great, the King of Macedonia and conqueror of the Persian Empire is considered one of the greatest military geniuses of all times.
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